September 29, 2023

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What is Bunion disease and how is it treated?

Bunion disease

An expansion of the joint at the base and side of the big toe leads to a bone deformity known as a bunion (metatarsophalangeal joint). When the toe shifts out of place, bunions develop. This bony growth can make it difficult to wear footwear and hurt from continual rubbing or friction. Hallux Abducto Valgus is the name for a condition in which the big toe rotates or twists while moving toward the second toe. In addition, bunions can aggravate hammertoes and other toe malformations. Every step involves using the big toe joint, and as the bunion’s size grows, so does the pain. Due to the joint’s misalignment, painful calluses and arthritis are also frequent observations. A bony protrusion at the lateral 5th metatarsal head is referred to as a bunionette, sometimes known as a tailor’s bunion or metatarsus quintus valgus. It is the lateral opposite of the more typical bunion of the first metatarsophalangeal joint, and patients are said to have a splayfoot if both develop simultaneously (sometimes with spreading of the other metatarsals). For this bunion x-ray is done.

bunion x-ray

Treatment For Bunions :

Bunions are bone abnormalities, thus they do not go away on their own. The major objectives of treating this kind of foot disease are to make the patient pain-free and to try to stop the deformity from progressing further. First-line therapies include callus reduction, cushioning, splinting, changing the shoes you wear, and orthotic devices. Surgical intervention is discussed if a patient doesn’t respond to conservative treatment. To remove the bunion and realign the toe, bunion surgery, also known as a bunionectomy, may be recommended. Numerous surgical procedures are carried out by our podiatric doctors to minimise toe hypertrophy and straighten the joint. Lapiplasty is one method that our doctors utilise to treat moderate to severe bunions.  There is a strong genetic component to developing bunions, as evidenced by the fact that 70% of patients with bunions have a family history. Adolescent bunions, which develop early in life, are a case in point. The majority of bunions appear in adults and may be brought on by frequent microtrauma, possibly by wearing heels that elevate up and have a tight toe box. Most of the time, buying wider shoes with enough toe room and applying other straightforward remedies to relieve pressure on the big toe will alleviate bunion pain.